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2009 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development

Women's Control over Economic Resources and Access to Financial Resources, Including Microfinance

image of 2009 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development
Ensuring women’s economic empowerment and access to and control over resources requires an integrated approach to growth and development, focused on gender-responsive employment promotion and informed by the interdependency between economic and social development. Social objectives need to be incorporated into economic policies. Economic growth strategies should give attention to the real economy and focus on creating a gender-sensitive macroeconomic environment, full employment and decent work, access to land, property and other productive resources as well as financial services, and full coverage of social protection measures. The Survey outlines a number of concrete recommendations in these critical areas, which if adopted, will facilitate women’s equitable access to and control over economic and financial resources.

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Access to full employment and decent work

Labour is the most widely available factor of production at the disposal of people throughout the world and the primary means by which they earn a living. It is often the only resource at the disposal of the large majority of poor people, and through their engagement in markets for their labour many are able to meet their basic needs. The importance of women’s access to labour markets was recognized in Millennium Development Goal 3 on gender equality and women’s empowerment, with an increase in women’s share of non-agricultural employment included as an indicator of progress. Recognition of the importance of improvements in the quality of paid work for the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger led to the addition of “full and productive employment and decent work for all, including for women and young people” as a target for Millennium Development Goal 1.

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