State of World Population 2011

People and Possibilities in a World of 7 Billion

image of State of World Population 2011

In late 2011, the global population will reach 7 billion, up from 6 billion in barely 12 years. This Report examines how the world got to this milestone, mentioning factors such as the big strides in health care that allow older people to live longer, more children to survive to adulthood and beyond, as well as policies and other initiatives that allow women to play a stronger role in society. This overview includes analysis of the latest demographic trends, such as the unprecedented youth bulge, as well as projections and implications for the quality of life of women, men and young people. The Report includes original reporting from China, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, India, Mexico, Mozambique, Nigeria and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

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What influences fertility?

Fertility—the number of children a woman has—is not just a barometer for predicting population growth or decline. It can also be a measure of the quality of women’s lives, whether they have no children, a few or many. Linked to this indicator of the size of families, nations or the global population, are other factors such as health, education, economic opportunity, equality and the right of every woman to make decisions about the timing and spacing of births, free of coercion from a partner, family, a community or a national policy.

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