Environmental Performance Reviews: Albania

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Albania

The present publication takes stock of the progress made by Albania in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2002. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations contained in the first review. This second Environmental Performance Reviews also covers 10 issues of importance to Albania related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular the sustainable management of water resources, waste management, forestry, biodiversity and protected areas, energy and environment, and environmental health.




Albania is situated in the south-western region of the Balkan Peninsula (Map I.1). The country has a total area of 28,748 km2, which makes it one of the smallest countries in Europe. The neighbouring countries are Montenegro to the north-west (with a 172 km border), Serbia to the north-east (115 km border), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to the north and east (151 km border), and Greece to the south and south-east (282 km border) ( Map I.1). Italy is less than 100 km away to the west on the other side of the Strait of Otranto. The Strait divides Albania’s 487 km-long coastline to the northern Adriatic Sea coast and to the southern Ionian Sea coast.


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