World Population Policies 2015

image of World Population Policies 2015

This report provides a comprehensive overview of key aspects of population policies and dynamics for 197 countries since the mid-1970s. Updated biennially, it documents changes in key aspects of Government views and policies related to population size and growth, population age structure, fertility, reproductive health and family planning, health and mortality, spatial distribution and internal migration, and international migration. The report also includes two-page country profiles, with the first page containing information on changes in the Government views and policies and the second page containing data on selected population indicators corresponding to 1985, 1995, 2005, 2013 and 2015, the most recent revision year.



Policies on growth, age structure and spatial distribution

Rapid population growth remains a concern for many countries in less developed regions of the world, especially the least developed countries; while in more developed regions, countries confront a different set of issues as a result of slower population growth, such as population ageing and decline. As a consequence, there was a marked distinction in the policies to influence the rate of population growth by level of development. In 2015, 45 per cent of Governments in more developed regions had policies to raise their rate of population growth and only 2 per cent had policies to lower it. In contrast, 50 per cent of Governments in less developed regions had policies to lower the rate of population growth and 10 per cent had policies to raise it.


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