Mongolia possesses a relatively well-developed ICT infrastructure. By the end of the first half of 2022, Internet penetration accounted for 84.3 per cent of the population. Over 90 per cent of mobile broadband subscribers have access to 3G spectrum, over 70 per cent – to 4G/LTE. In turn, 5G deployment, strongly supported by the Government, is imminent, first in Ulaanbaatar and later in the provinces. While the use of fixed broadband, mostly ensured via fibre optic cable connection, grows, particularly in the cities, it currently stands at one-tenth of mobile broadband’s spread. The quality of the connection is ranked rather low while its price is perceived as expensive by a considerable share of the stakeholders, especially in the provinces. Satellite plays an important role in serving the underserved areas where there is a lack of terrestrial network due to geographical conditions. However, the lack of access to the Internet is still reported by households in rural areas.

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