Asia-Pacific Sustainable Development Journal 2018, Issue No. 1
  • E-ISSN: 26178419


In the present paper, the effect of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows on income inequality in Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies is investigated by using annual data for the period 1990–2015. The variables used are the Gini coefficient, FDI inflows, gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, trade openness and human capital. Also, panel Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) and panel heterogeneous non-causality tests are used in this study. The panel ARDL results suggest that, in the long run, FDI inflows decrease income inequality. This supports the argument that encouraging FDI inflows does not harm the distribution of income in APEC economies. The results also confirm that GDP per capita and trade openness help reduce income inequality while human capital widens income inequality. The results from this study suggest that APEC authorities could implement sound policies to attract more FDI, as evidence indicates that those inflows would narrow income inequality in APEC economies.

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