Strengthening Efforts to Prevent and Counter Violent Extremism

Good Practices and Lessons Learned for a Comprehensive Approach to Rehabilitation and Reintegration of VEOS

image of Strengthening Efforts to Prevent and Counter Violent Extremism

This publication is based on the work conducted and the knowledge collected by UNICRI in the past 15 years by implementing counter-terrorism projects. The book will contribute to the PVE/CVE international debate, especially concerning lessons learned and challenges in the rehabilitation and reintegration efforts of violent extremists. Topics discussed are: A pathway model towards a comprehensive rehabilitation and reintegration program; Engagement with multiple stakeholders across an array of different sectors, including government, civil society, the private sector, academia, and regional and international institutions; Various and diverse national and regional strategies/action plans; Risk assessments in the field of countering radicalization of violent extremist offenders (VEOs) in prisons; The importance of research in the design of rehabilitation and reintegration programs in prisons.



Evaluating Counter Violent Extremism (CVE): A fundamental challenge to be addressed

The extraordinary increase of foreign fighters from all over the world joining the ranks of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in Syria and Iraq in recent years has been as worrying as unexpected for the international community. In 2014, around 15,000 foreign fighters from 80 countries joined ISIL, mainly from Muslim-majority countries such as Tunisia and Saudi Arabia, but also from Asia, Europe and the United States (Cronin 2015). Moreover, the total number of foreign fighters almost doubled by December 2015, amounting to 27,000 at that time. The number of Europeans fighting for ISIL also shockingly increased in 2015, growing to 5,000. They were mainly from France, Great Britain, Germany and Belgium (Gaub 2016).


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