CEPAL Review

Cepal Review is the leading journal for the study of economic and social development issues in Latin America and the Caribbean. Edited by the Economic Commission for Latin America, each issue focuses on economic trends, industrialization, income distribution, technological development and monetary systems, as well as the implementation of economic reform and transfer of technology. Written in English and Spanish (Revista de la Cepal), each tri-annual issue offers approximately 12 studies and essays undertaken by authoritative experts or gathered from conference proceedings.

English Spanish

The dynamic of employment in Chilean industry

This paper uses descriptive and parametric information to analyse the dynamic of employment in Chilean industry at the industrial plant level between 1979 and 2000. It examines job creation, destruction and turnover and investigates the link between these and the business cycle, sectoral characteristics and plant size. It finds evidence of procyclical job creation and countercyclical job destruction; of countercyclical labour turnover associated inversely with size; of marked heterogeneity between sectors; of the great importance of corporate demography in employment changes, and of the predominant role played by large companies in employment flows. It then goes on to analyse the impact of trade liberalization, the exchange rate and comparative advantages on sectoral employment flows. It concludes that a tariff reduction increases job destruction and thence turnover, and that comparative advantages and exchange-rate depreciation have a positive effect on job creation and turnover.

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