World Economic and Social Survey 2014/2015

Learning from National Policies Supporting MDG Implementation

image of World Economic and Social Survey 2014/2015
The year 2015 was one of global action concerning the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other challenges. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development along with a set of new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will apply universally to all countries. As the MDG experience shows, setting ambitious goals is the first step; achieving them requires concrete actions. This publication reviews economic, social and environmental policies implemented at the national level and the institutional aspects that enabled them, bringing about significant progress towards achieving the MDGs. The Survey draws a set of policy lessons that States will find helpful in formulating strategies and policies for implementing the 2030 Agenda.



Economic conditions and policies during MDG implementation

This chapter reviews the economic conditions and policies that have prevailed during the years since the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were adopted and numerous efforts were implemented to pursue them. The focus is mostly, although not exclusively, on developing countries towards whom most of the MDGs were targeted. The review is necessary because economic conditions and policies have been critical to economic growth, which, in turn, has been shown to be correlated with the achievement of the MDGs (see section on economic growth and MDGs). Moreover, understanding the way in which economic conditions increase or undermine the policy space available is critical, since these economic conditions are usually changing and are highly influenced by the global macroeconomic environment, especially in the case of small and open economies.


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