State of the Environment and Development in the Mediterranean (SoED) 2020

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Despite representing less than 1% of the world’s ocean surface, the Mediterranean Sea is home to up to 18% of the planet’s marine species. The decline of Posidonia Oceanica (an endemic seagrass species known as the “lungs of the Mediterranean”), overfishing, non-indigenous species are among the symptoms of environmental degradation. Marine and coastal ecosystems are reeling under pressure from the unsustainable pursuit of economic growth. This pressure is illustrated by the challenges of marine litter and pollution and further compounded by the rising impacts of climate change. A United Nations Environment Programme Mediterranean Action Plan (UNEP/MAP) report produced by Plan Bleu, a UNEP/MAP Regional Activity Centre, provides the most comprehensive assessment of the state of the environment and development in the region and includes a set of key messages that can inform an adequate policy response. This report comes at a historical turning point for the region and the world. In the first half of 2020, COVID-19 has spiraled into a pandemic, compounding a set of intersecting crises already affecting the Mediterranean region. The pandemic is taking a hefty toll through loss of life, human suffering and massive economic disruptions in our region, with much of its medium- and long-term impacts yet to be fully apprehended. The report was prepared under the Barcelona Convention, the Contracting Parties of which are 21 Mediterranean countries and the European Union.

Sustainable Development Goals:


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